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What do the new EPC regulations mean for landlords and tenants?

In case you missed it, landmark legislation comes into force this month which is going to change the lettings landscape for landlords and tenants alike. It will also benefit the planet by creating homes fit for the environmentally conscious 21st century. Anyone grumbling that the rules are yet more government red tape is missing the point.

The new Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rules, which came into effect on 1 April, were announced back in 2015 by George Osborne, so many landlords will have taken them on board by now and made any necessary changes to their properties to ensure that they conform to the new rules. Yet for those who are not entirely clear what the new rules entail, here is our new ten-point guide:

  1. Could it affect you?

The key feature of the legislation is that, from 1 April, any residential properties that are let to private tenants must have an EPC rating of at least E. The ratings range from A, the most energy-efficient, to G, the least efficient.

  1. What do you need to know?

The rules apply both to new tenancies and to existing tenancies which come up for renewal after 1 April, so even if you have long-term tenants, you cannot get away with failure to comply with the rules.

  1. What are the implications?
    Landlords are legally required to furnish tenants with an up-to-date EPC and to cite the property’s EPC rating when advertising it.


  1. Is there a penalty for not complying?
    Infringements of the new rules can attract fines of up to £5,000, so it is simply not worth taking short cuts and glossing over any shortcomings. There are a small number of exemption criteria (for example, if a tenant refuses a landlord permission to adapt a property), but always follow the letter of the law.



  1. How can I arrange an EPC inspection?
    To arrange an EPC for your property you can talk to the Henry & James Lettings Management team to ensure your property is inspected by a qualified domestic energy assessor. For advice on how to do this, email or call Tel: 020 7581 5858. The EPC will then be valid for ten years. “We can turnaround EPC inspections within 48 hours,” explains Steve Cook, Head of Lettings & Management. “It is a good opportunity for conscientious landlords to re-invest in their properties and upgrade anything that may need attention.”


  1. How can I make my home more energy efficient?
    Energy assessors will be able to advise you on a wide range of measures for improving the energy efficiency of your property. These range from loft insulation and low-energy LED light bulbs, to draught excluders and the replacement of inefficient boilers.


  1. Are there grants available?
    There are government grants available for landlords who want to introduce energy-renewal features such as solar panels. For further details, visit the website of the Energy Saving Trust,


  1. What are some of the major sources of heat loss?
    Single glaze windows can be a major source of heat loss, particularly if they are old or poorly installed. Replacing windows can be expensive, but new double-glazed sash windows can improve the look of a property as well as making it more energy-efficient.



  1. What are the benefits?
    Try to regard the new rules as an opportunity, not just a chore. If your property gets a high EPC grade, it will be easier to let, particularly among tenants for whom energy conservation is a personal priority.


  1. Any final thoughts?
    Take the long-term view. Although a modest grade E EPC is currently acceptable, the government intends to raise the bar higher in the years ahead. So, if you can make the changes necessary to give your property an EPC rating of better than E, you will be ahead of the game.

Landlords can be suspicious of new regulations. But there is nothing in the new rules which should alarm conscientious landlords. In fact, they should be seen as a positive step in the maintenance of high energy-conservation standards which benefit everyone. You may need to spend a little time and money modifying any properties you let, but after that you will be able to sleep easy at night – as well as know that you are doing your bit for the environment.